FEDOR robot returns from the ISS to Earth

The anthropomorphic robot FEDOR spent less than a week in the small research module “Search” of the ISS Russian segment. Russian cosmonauts Alexander Skvortsov and Alexey Ovchinin tested the robot control system and conducted several experiments with it.   On the night of September 7, 2019 at 00.32 Moscow time, the Soyuz MS-14 descent vehicle made a successful landing 147 kilometers southeast of the Kazakh city of Zhezkazgan.   The Fedor Robot or FEDOR (Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research) is an anthropomorphic robot developed by the Android Technique NPO and the Advanced Research Foundation (FPI), and should replace a person in high-risk places, and now one of his modifications has taken the course of a beginner astronaut by board the ISS and returned to Earth.   The continuation of this news publication “FEDOR Robot – a lot of photos and even videos from the ISS, training the astronaut-operator and the first tests of the robot.”   A brief history of the space travel of the FEDOR robot:       On August 22, 2019, the Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft with a robot was launched into low Earth orbit;   On August 27, 2019, the Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft docked on the ISS from the second attempt;   On August 29, 2019, the FEDOR robot was transferred to the ISS Russian segment;   On August 30-31 and September 1, 2019, a series of experiments with the robot were carried out;   September 4, 2019 the FEDOR robot was transferred back to the Soyuz MS-14 ship;   September 6, 2019 at 21:13 Moscow time, the Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft undocked from the ISS;   On September 7, 2019, the FEDOR robot landed on Earth.     During experiments with the FEDOR robot, the cosmonaut Alexander Skvortsov equipped himself with an exoskeleton and a helmet (part of the remote control system of the robot with the ability to see it with cameras) and controlled the robot in the “avatar” mode from the “Star” module.           Alexey Ovchinin at that moment was in the “Search” module next to the FEDOR robot and controlled his various test operations: working with a screwdriver, different keys, docking electrical connectors.       A dialogue was also held with the robot – the astronauts asked him questions, and FEDOR recognized and answered them.   Of course, the FEDOR robot was entrusted with a screwdriver and a towel:                       Under the conditions of the ISS, astronauts evaluated the correctness of design calculations when creating the FEDOR robot and the prospects for the implementation of this project to provide robotic support to the station crew for long flights.   The first flight of the FEDOR robot is only a test step in a large volume of tests and experiments related to the development and use of anthropomorphic robotic systems.   By the way, in the video below you can see how the robot moves in zero gravity.   FEDOR turned to Russian students and congratulated them on Knowledge Day on September 1.       After completing the complex of planned experiments with the FEDOR robot, the astronauts highly appreciated this anthropomorphic development, especially since it turned out to be quite simple to manage its systems and transfer the robot.                   On September 4, 2019, astronauts Alexei Ovchinin and Alexander Skvortsov transferred the FEDOR robot back to the Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft.   “Fedor we won, put in a chair. They fastened it with a metal knee pad, pulled all the elbows. They inserted into the grooves where necessary, ”Aleksey Ovchinin passed to the MCC. The astronaut also added that the robot will not run away, because it is securely fixed.           The astronaut Alexander Skvortsov, at the request of the MCC, turned on the FEDOR robot, fixed in the Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft.   “The robot is on, its green indicators are on,” Skvortsov reported to the MCC.   When the Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft landed, the FEDOR robot voiced flight parameters and observed events, recorded overload values.   During the descent to Earth, a new descent control system was tested. On the Soyuz MS-14 ship, the motion and navigation control system has been improved in terms of controlled descent: the analog descent control system based on a free gyro is completely replaced with a digital one based on the BIUS device (angular velocity integration unit) using fiber-optic gyroscopes, this new device is developed in RSC Energia.   The Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft on September 6, 2019 at 21:13:54 MSC successfully undocked from the aggregate compartment of the Zvezda service module of the ISS Russian Segment.               NASA Broadcast:       The main engine of the ship was switched on for braking on September 6 at 23:37 Moscow time. After almost 4 minutes, the engine completed work and the ship began to descend from Earth orbit.   Due to the fact that all landing operations took place at night, Roscosmos did not broadcast live from the landing site.   The landing of the Soyuz MS-14 descent vehicle took place 147 kilometers southeast of the Kazakh city of Zhezkazgan on September 7 at 00.32 Moscow time.   All orbiting and landing operations were completed as normal.   Safety landing “Union MS-14” provided search and rescue group of the Central Military